September 3, 2014

Why the Ukraine crisis is the west's fault

John J Mearsheimer, Foreign Affairs - According to the prevailing wisdom in the West, the Ukraine crisis can be blamed almost entirely on Russian aggression. Russian President Vladimir Putin, the argument goes, annexed Crimea out of a long-standing desire to resuscitate the Soviet empire, and he may eventually go after the rest of Ukraine, as well as other countries in eastern Europe. In this view, the ouster of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych in February 2014 merely provided a pretext for Putin’s decision to order Russian forces to seize part of Ukraine.

But this account is wrong: the United States and its European allies share most of the responsibility for the crisis. The taproot of the trouble is NATO enlargement, the central element of a larger strategy to move Ukraine out of Russia’s orbit and integrate it into the West. At the same time, the EU’s expansion eastward and the West’s backing of the pro-democracy movement in Ukraine -- beginning with the Orange Revolution in 2004 -- were critical elements, too. Since the mid-1990s, Russian leaders have adamantly opposed NATO enlargement, and in recent years, they have made it clear that they would not stand by while their strategically important neighbor turned into a Western bastion. For Putin, the illegal overthrow of Ukraine’s democratically elected and pro-Russian president -- which he rightly labeled a “coup” -- was the final straw. He responded by taking Crimea, a peninsula he feared would host a NATO naval base, and working to destabilize Ukraine until it abandoned its efforts to join the West.

Putin’s pushback should have come as no surprise. After all, the West had been moving into Russia’s backyard and threatening its core strategic interests, a point Putin made emphatically and repeatedly.


Anonymous said...

After seeing Stephen Cohen on Democracy Now just now, better, I think, a Mearsheimer Man than a Strobe Talbott Man any day of the week.

Anonymous said...

Before 2014, opinion polls in Ukraine never favored NATO membership, nor depriving Russia their base in Sevastopol. Putin's imperialist adventurism has united Ukraine, which now sees NATO as their only guarantor against further Russian action. How is that in Russia's interest?
Putin may be a capable tactician, but not a good strategist. He had other options.
I expect more critical analysis and less partisanship from 'distinguished' academics like Mearsheimer (or Cohen).