Jeffrey Pfeffer, Harvard Business Review - Evidence from surveys of college students shows that the level of narcissism has been rising over time — a possible answer for why leaders today are getting into more trouble than in the past. And examinations of the structure of narcissism and how narcissistic behavior differs between men and women helps explain the gender imbalance: "Past research suggests that exploitive tendencies and open displays of feelings of entitlement will be less integral to narcissism for females than for males" simply because women face more social constraints and social sanctions for grandiosity and self-aggrandizement than do men.
And while narcissism and the associated behaviors may indeed help
people ascend into leadership roles, as recent experience suggests,
narcissistic individuals also contain the seeds of their own
(self)-destruction. And leaders' downfalls are costly — Lockheed now
has to find another person to assume the CEO role, and President Obama
must find someone to take over the CIA. So while indeed there are
productive narcissists, narcissistic behavior can be very unproductive
for both the work organizations and the people who experience it.